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J Headache Pain. 2013 Dec 17;14:98. doi: 10.1186/1129-2377-14-98.

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in CADASIL.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Ave, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, P,R, China. zhusuiqiang@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare hereditary small vascular disease and its mainly clinical manifestations are ischemic events. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) involvement in patients with CADASIL is extremely uncommon.

CASE REPORT:

A 46-year-old normotensive Chinese man developed a large hematoma in the left basal ganglia after he was diagnosed with CADASIL 2 months ago, the patient did not take any antithrombotics. Susceptibility weighted imaging at pre-ICH showed multiple cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in the bilateral basal ganglia. He experienced migraine at about 10 months post-ICH. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ICH in CADASIL patients with Arg90Cys mutation in exon 3.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

ICH should be considered when evaluating new attacks in CADASIL patients. Thus, MRI screening for CMBs might be helpful in predicting the risk of ICH and guiding antithrombotic therapy. In addition, strict control of hypertension and cautious use of antithrombotics may be important in this context.

PMID:
24344756
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3878525
Free PMC Article

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