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Obes Res Clin Pract. 2012 Jul-Sep;6(3):e175-262. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2012.01.001.

Obesity as an independent risk for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in 692 Japanese patients.

Author information

  • 1Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address:miyasaka@hirakata.kmu.ac.jp.

Abstract

SUMMARY:

BACKGROUND:

Both obesity and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is a paucity of data as to whether obesity is independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction.

METHODS:

Adult patients with sinus rhythm referred for a transthoracic echocardiography between July, 2007, and December, 2007, were prospectively included. Exclusion criteria were patient who had a history of congenital or valvular heart disease, treatment with pacemaker implantation or implantable cardioverter defibrillator, myocardial infarction, or impaired LV systolic function. Diastolic function was classified by an algorithm incorporating data from mitral and pulmonary venous flow indices, and Doppler tissue imaging. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated as a categorical variable (normal weight <25.0 kg/m(2); overweight 25.0 to <30.0 kg/m(2); and obese ≥30 kg/m(2)). Logistic models were used to assess the risk of abnormal LV diastolic function associated with BMI categories.

RESULTS:

Of a total number of 692 patients who met all study criteria (mean 59 ± 15 year-old; 50% women, 48% hypertension, 16% diabetes, 26% overweight, 8% obese), 538 (78%) had abnormal LV diastolic function. In multivariate analyses adjusting for age, sex, and cardiovascular risk factors, obesity was independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR]: 2.98, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12-7.88; P = 0.03) compared to normal weight. LV mass did not weaken this association (OR: 2.88, 95% CI: 1.08-7.68; P = 0.04). Overweight was not independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction.

CONCLUSION:

Obesity was associated with LV diastolic dysfunction independent of cardiovascular risk factors and LV mass.

© 2012 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity . Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24331523
[PubMed]
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