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J Adolesc. 2014 Jan;37(1):1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.10.004. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

Prevalence of DSM-IV mental disorders, deliberate self-harm and suicidal ideation in early adolescence: an Irish population-based study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Education & Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland. Electronic address: helencoughlan@rcsi.ie.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Education & Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Education & Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland; Department of Psychology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Division of Population Health Sciences, Beaux Lane House, Lower Mercer Street, Dublin 2, Ireland.
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Education & Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland; St. Joseph's Adolescent Unit, St. Vincent's Hospital, Fairview, Dublin 3, Ireland.
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Education & Research Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland; Department of Psychiatry, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study investigated the prevalence of DSM-IV Axis 1 mental disorders, deliberate self-harm and suicidal ideation in a sample of Irish adolescents aged 11-13 years.

METHODS:

A total of 1131 students was surveyed for general psychopathology using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Following this, a representative sample of 212 adolescents was assessed for mental disorders, deliberate self-harm and suicidal ideation using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children.

RESULTS:

14.6% of the sample met criteria for a borderline score and 6.9% for an abnormal score on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Following clinical diagnostic interviews, 27.4% of participants received a current diagnosis of an Axis 1 disorder and 36.8% received a lifetime diagnosis, those rates falling to 15.4% and 31.2% respectively when specific phobias were excluded.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings from this study reveal that Irish adolescents aged 11-13 years are experiencing high levels of mental ill-health.

Copyright © 2013 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Deliberate self-harm; Early adolescence; Mental disorders; Prevalence; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
24331299
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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