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Clin Radiol. 2014 Feb;69(2):123-9. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2013.07.021. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

First trimester caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy evaluation using MRI.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Shenzhen NanShan People's Hospital, ShenZhen, China. Electronic address: pengkey@sina.com.
  • 2Department of Ultrasound, Shenzhen NanShan People's Hospital, ShenZhen, China.
  • 3Department of Gynecology, Shenzhen NanShan People's Hospital, ShenZhen, China.
  • 4Department of Radiology, Shenzhen NanShan People's Hospital, ShenZhen, China.
  • 5Department of Internal Medicine, Shenzhen NanShan People's Hospital, ShenZhen, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the features of caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSP) by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the first trimester.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Thirty-nine women with CSP in the first trimester were initially selected and underwent transvaginal ultrasound and MRI examinations. Thirty-five patients with CSP were finally included in this study.

RESULTS:

The CSPs were categorized into three groups: type I, in which a thin-walled diverticulum is present at the caesarean section scar (CSS) defect and the gestational sac (GS) is embedded in the diverticulum; type II, in which a thin-walled diverticulum is present at the CSS defect and the GS is partially embedded in the diverticulum; type III, in which a niche is present in the CSS defect and the GS is mainly embedded in the isthmus. Types I, II, and III CSP occurred in 40, 46, and 14% of the women, respectively. There was no significant difference between the three types in the minimum thickness of the CSS defect. In types I and II, there was a positive correlation in the maximum inlet diameter of the CSS defect and the approximate area of the GS.

CONCLUSION:

Using MRI, most CSPs present as a diverticulum at the CSS defect, and the CSS defect becomes weaker with the growth of the GS. MRI showed detailed features of the CSP.

Copyright © 2013 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24315547
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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