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Osteoporos Int. 2014 Feb;25(2):777-82. doi: 10.1007/s00198-013-2585-1. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

Rapid biochemical response to denosumab in fibrous dysplasia of bone: report of two cases.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Concord Hospital, Level 6 Concord Hospital Medical Centre, Hospital Road, Concord, NSW, 2139, Australia,


We report on the clinical and biochemical outcomes in two adult patients with active polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (FD) treated with the RANK-L inhibitor, denosumab, following unsatisfactory responses to prior long-term bisphosphonate therapy. A 44-year-old female (case 1) who had received a cumulative dose of 20 mg zoledronic acid over 2.5 years and a 48-year-old male (case 2) who had received a cumulative dose of 45 mg zoledronic acid over 8 years both experienced minimal reductions in pain scores and markers of bone turnover. Following initiation of denosumab 60 mg sc, changes in bone pain, bone turnover [assessed by serum amino-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (PINP) and urinary deoxypyridinoline] were monitored over a period of 20 and 8 months, respectively. Following administration of denosumab, both patients demonstrated a rapid and pronounced biochemical response: Within 4-7 weeks, bone turnover markers fell to levels within the respective reference range, and one patient reported a reduction in pain. Treatment with denosumab was well tolerated. However, transient asymptomatic hypocalcaemia and/or hypophosphatemia associated with a transient two to threefold increase in serum PTH levels was observed in both patients. Dosing intervals for denosumab varied significantly between the two patients, depending on disease activity at baseline. Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing bone turnover in adult patients with active FD. However, caution should be exercised, and patients should be monitored carefully as significant fluctuations in biochemical and hormonal indices can occur.

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