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Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2013 Nov-Dec;43(10):273-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cppeds.2013.10.003.

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care, NYU School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital, New York, NY.

Abstract

Initially known as multiple system organ failure, the term multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) was first described in the 1960s in adults with bleeding, respiratory failure, and sepsis. It is defined as "the development of potentially reversible physiologic derangement involving two or more organ systems not involved in the disorder that resulted in ICU admission, and arising in the wake of a potentially life threatening physiologic insult."(3) There are many risk factors predisposing to MODS; however, the most common risk factors are shock due to any cause, sepsis, and tissue hypoperfusion. A dysregulated immune response, or immuneparalysis, in which the homeostasis between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory reaction is lost is thought to be key in the development of MODS. The clinical course and evolution of MODS is dependent on a combination of acquired and genetic factors. There are several nonspecific therapies for the prevention and resolution of MODS, mostly care is supportive. Mortality from MODS in septic pediatric patients varies between 11% and 54%.

© 2013 Published by Mosby, Inc.

PMID:
24295608
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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