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Food Microbiol. 2014 Apr;38:122-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2013.08.016. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Fate of Bacillus cereus and naturally occurring microbiota on milled rice as affected by temperature and relative humidity.

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  • 1Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea.

Erratum in

  • Food Microbiol. 2015 Dec;52:205.

Abstract

We studied the survival and growth patterns of Bacillus cereus, mesophilic aerobic bacteria (MAB), and molds and yeasts (MY) on rough and milled brown and white Korean rice stored at 12 and 21 °C and 43, 68, and 85% relative humidity (RH) for up to 24 wk. The initial populations of MAB present on rough rice, brown rice, and white rice were 7.7, 5.7, and 3.3 log CFU/g, respectively, and remained constant or decreased (P ≤ 0.05) by 0.7-1.8 log CFU/g during storage. The initial populations of B. cereus on the three types of laboratory-inoculated rice were 3.1-3.8 log CFU/g and remained constant (P > 0.05) during storage, regardless of degree of milling, storage temperature, and RH. The initial populations of MY on rough rice, brown rice, and white rice were 6.2, 4.2, and 2.1 log CFU/g, respectively. At 12 °C and 85% RH, the MY increased significantly (P ≤ 0.05) only on brown rice; however, at 21 °C and 85% RH, MY increased (P ≤ 0.05) on all types of rice during storage. These observations will be useful when assessing conditions affecting survival of B. cereus and determining environmental conditions necessary to prevent growth of potentially mycotoxigenic molds on various types of milled rice during storage.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Bacillus cereus; Degree of milling; Mesophilic aerobic bacteria; Molds and yeasts; Relative humidity; Rice; Temperature

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