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Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2013;40(3):350-5.

De novo symptoms and their impact on life quality in patients following transvaginal reconstructive pelvic surgery with polypropylene mesh.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing, China.



To study the de novo symptoms and their impact on life quality in patients that underwent transvaginal reconstructive pelvic surgery (RPS) with polypropylene mesh.


From May 2004 to March 2011, 114 severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) patients with Stage III-IV by POP-Q system underwent RPS with polypropylene mesh. Patients completed pelvic floor distress inventory short form (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7) preoperatively and repeated them at two and six months, and one year postoperatively.


Ninety-six (84%, 96/114), 85 (75%, 85/114), and 77 (68%, 77/114) patients, respectively, completed the questionnaires at two months, six months, and one year postoperatively. All patients had POP-Q staging scoring < or = I at one year after surgery. Nineteen (19.8%, 19/96) patients had mesh exposure at two and six months (7.8%, 6/77) at one year follow-up. Most vaginal and pelvic symptoms, urinary and obstructive defecation bothersome symptoms improved significantly at two months postoperatively and this improvement was maintained at the one year follow-up. Mean score of PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 all improved significantly postoperatively at two and six months and at one year follow-up (p < 0.01). Fifty percent (48/96) of patients had postoperative de novo symptoms at the two months follow-up predominantly presented with bothersome vaginal discharge (35.4%, 34/96) and pelvic muscle symptoms (20.8%, 20/96). Patients with de novo symptoms had higher postoperative mean POPDI-6 and POPIQ-7 scores (p < 0.05) than those without at the two month follow-up, but no significant difference was seen at the six month and at one year follow-ups. Patients with bothersome vaginal discharge had higher vaginal mesh exposure rate (41.2%, 14/34) than patients without (8.1%, 5/62) (p = 0.0003). One year after operation, 77 (68%) patients completed the non-validated satisfaction questionnaire. Seventy-four (96%, 74/77) patients said that they were either 'very satisfied' or 'satisfied' with the outcome of their surgery, while three (4%, 3/77) reported unsatisfactory results.


De novo symptoms were common after transvaginal RPS with polypropylene mesh, but most of them were moderate and resolved within six months postoperatively and seldomly had a long-term negative impact on their quality of life. The impact of dyspareunia on patients' sexual function requires further research.

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