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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2013 Dec;42(4):773-84. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2013.08.003. Epub 2013 Oct 4.

Anal abscess and fistula.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.


Benign anorectal diseases, such as anal abscesses and fistula, are commonly seen by primary care physicians, gastroenterologists, emergency physicians, general surgeons, and colorectal surgeons. It is important to have a thorough understanding of the complexity of these 2 disease processes so as to provide appropriate and timely treatment. We review the pathophysiology, presentation, diagnosis, and treatment options for both anal abscesses and fistulas.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Anal abscess; Anal fistula; Endorectal advancement flap; Fistulizing Crohn disease; Fistulotomy; LIFT procedure

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