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Vnitr Lek. 2013 Nov;59(11):1003-7.

[SAVOR TIMI 53 -  Saxagliptin and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus].

[Article in Czech]

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The type 2 Diabetes Mellitus treatment is currently effective but still not ideal. A therapy based on the incretins, which represents a significant qualitative progress, is close to an ideal. The first completed mortality study with dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP 4) inhibitors is the study called SAVOR as presented in Amsterdam during the European Cardiology Congress in 2013.

METHODOLOGY:

SAVOR (Saxagliptin and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) randomised 16,492 patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and a high-risk of cardiovascular events treated with current per oral antidiabetics and patients treated with saxagliptin or placebo. Eight thousand eight hundred and twenty patients were randomised to be treated with saxagliptin and 8,212 were randomised to be treated with placebo. The average monitored period was 2.1 years.

RESULTS:

The primary goal (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal CMP) occurred in 7.3% (613) patients treated with saxagliptin and in 7.2% (609) patients treated with placebo (HR 1.00, p < 0.001 for non inferiority). The main secondary goal (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, vascular stroke, hospitalisation for a heart failure or angina pectoris and myocardial revascularisation) occurred in 12.8% (1,059) patients treated with saxagliptin and in 12.4% (1,034) patients treated with placebo. The number of hospitalisations for heart failure was 289 (3.5%) in the group treated with saxagliptin and 228 (2.8%) in the group treated with placebo (p = 0.007).

CONCLUSION:

DPP 4 inhibitor saxagliptin did not increase the occurrence of ischemic cardiovascular events but it inclined to an increased hospitalisation for heart failure in patients with the already present heart failure. It did not increase the occurrence of pancreatitis. Simultaneously it significantly improved the Diabetes Mellitus control, which could signal a future improvement in cardiovascular goals.

PMID:
24279445
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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