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Occup Med (Lond). 2014 Jan;64(1):13-6. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqt129. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

Medical examinations undertaken by Dutch professional football clubs.

Author information

  • 1Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam 1100 DE, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

During their career, professional football players undergo periodic medical examinations intended to screen and monitor their fitness and health. In the Netherlands, information about the content of these examinations is lacking and it is not known whether they comply with current Dutch occupational medicine guidelines.

AIMS:

To explore the content of medical examinations undertaken in Dutch professional football clubs, and assess whether they comply with current Dutch occupational medicine guidelines.

METHODS:

An observational study conducted among physicians working for all clubs in the Dutch first- and second-tier professional football leagues, using an electronic questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Cardiovascular assessment based on different instruments was used in all clubs and respiratory assessment based on different instruments was used in most (87%). Other assessments such as mental health (7%), neurological (27%) or urinary (22%) assessments were only undertaken in some clubs. Seven out of the 26 clubs met some of the relevant aspects of current Dutch occupational medicine guidelines.

CONCLUSIONS:

The medical examinations currently undertaken in Dutch professional football clubs are diverse in nature and not consistent from one club to another. Only a limited number of clubs meet Dutch guidelines for periodic medical examinations of workers.

KEYWORDS:

Elite athletes; football; medical examination.

PMID:
24265255
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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