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Aviat Space Environ Med. 2013 Oct;84(10):1041-5.

Urinary tract calculi in military aviators.

Author information

  • 1Naval Aerospace Medical Institute, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, FL, USA. william.porter2@us.army.mil

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Urinary tract calculi are a common affliction in the United States and estimates of the adult lifetime risk of developing this condition range from 10 to 15%. Although highly variable, the clinical presentation of someone afflicted with urinary tract calculi typically involves varying degrees of pain, nausea, hematuria, and dysuria. Current disease, as well as a history of urinary tract calculi, is potentially disqualifying for aviation duties in the United States military as well as for commercial aviators.

METHODS:

Utilizing population based data from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (DMED), the current descriptive epidemiology of urinary tract calculi among military aviators was examined.

RESULTS:

Based on the data collected, the overall annual incidence density of urinary tract calculi for DoD personnel is approximately 4.8 events/1000 PY. The overall annual incidence density of urinary tract calculi is slightly lower in aviators as compared to the nonaviator DoD population (4.4 events/1000 PY vs. 4.8 events/1000 PY).

DISCUSSION:

Even though in-flight incapacitation from this malady is believed to be exceedingly rare, the incidence of urinary tract stones and their related morbidity should remain an important area of clinical focus.

PMID:
24261056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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