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Rev Chilena Infectol. 2013 Aug;30(4):417-25. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182013000400011.

[Infections by Listeria monocytogenes].

[Article in Spanish]

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  • 1Departamento de Medicina, Hospital Militar de Santiago, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Listeria monocytogenes infections have been poorly characterized in Chile.

AIM:

To evaluate clinical manifestations and risk factors associated to a fatal outcome in a series of patients.

METHODS:

retrospective analysis of cases from 1991 to 2012.

RESULTS:

Twenty three cases were identified, including 2 diagnosed after prolonged hospitalization (8.7%) with an average age of 68.4 years (range 44-90). Known predisposing factors were age > 65 years (60.9%), diabetes mellitus (40.9%), and immunosuppression (27.3%). Most cases presented after 2003 (70%). No cases associated with neonates, pregnancy or HIV infections were recorded. Patients presented with central nervous system (CNS) infection (39%), including 8 cases of meningitis and one of rhomboencephalitis; bacteremia (43.5%), including one case with endocarditis; abscesses (8.7%); and other infections (spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and pneumonia; 8.7%). Risky food consumption was found in 80% of those asked about it. Predominant clinical manifestations were fever (90.9%), and confusion (63.6%). CNS infections were associated to headache (OR 21, p < 0.05), nausea and vomiting (OR 50, p < 0.01). Only 45.5% received initial appropriate empirical therapy and 36.4% a synergistic combination. Eight patients died (34.8%), this outcome was associated to bacteremia (OR 8.25; IC95 1.2-59 p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

L. monocytogenes infections appear to be increasing in Chile, causing infections in different sites, attacking vulnerable patients, and have a high case-fatality ratio, especially among those with bacteremia.

PMID:
24248112
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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