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Obes Surg. 2014 Apr;24(4):604-10.

Serum SPARC and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and metalloproteinase-9 concentrations after bariatric surgery in obese adults.



Remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of adipose tissue is regarded as part of the pathophysiology of obesity. Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) was the first ECM protein described in adipose tissue. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) also play a role in ECM remodeling, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 may be associated with abnormal ECM metabolism. Here, we investigated changes in serum SPARC, MMP-2, and MMP-9 concentrations after bariatric surgery in obese adults.


We recruited 34 obese patients who were scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery for weight loss. We analyzed changes in serum SPARC, MMP-2, and MMP-9 concentrations before and 9 months after bariatric surgery and any associations between changes in SPARC, MMP-2, and MMP-9 concentrations and obesity-related parameters.


Serum leptin levels significantly decreased, and the serum adiponectin level significantly increased after bariatric surgery. The serum SPARC concentration decreased significantly from 165.0 ± 18.2 to 68.7 ± 6.7 ng/mL (p < 0.001), and the MMP-2 concentration also decreased significantly from 262.2 ± 15.2 to 235.9 ± 10.5 ng/mL (p < 0.001). Changes in the serum SPARC concentration were significantly correlated with HOMA-IR changes, and changes in the serum MMP-9 concentration were found to inversely correlate with serum adiponectin changes.


These findings show that significant decreases in serum SPARC and MMP-2 concentrations occur after bariatric surgery. Our results thus suggest that weight loss via bariatric surgery could alter the ECM environment, and that these changes are related to certain metabolic changes.

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