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Nanotechnology. 2013 Dec 13;24(49):495402. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/49/495402. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Thermoelectric power factor of ternary single-crystalline Sb2Te3- and Bi2Te3-based nanowires.

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  • 1Institute of Applied Physics, University of Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 11, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany.


Nanowires of bismuth antimony telluride and bismuth telluride selenide (Bi15Sb29Te56 and Bi38Te55Se7) were grown by template-based pulsed electrodeposition. The composition and the crystallinity of the nanowires were determined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The thermoelectric properties (Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity) of single p- and n-type nanowires, with diameter 80 nm and 200 nm, respectively, were determined as a function of temperature before and during heating in a helium atmosphere up to 300 K along the growth direction of the nanowires. After additional annealing in a tellurium atmosphere at 525 K, significantly enhanced transport properties are observed. Bulk-like power factors are achieved. In Bi38Te55Se7 nanowires, the Seebeck coefficients increase to -115 μV K(-1) and the thermoelectric power factors increase to 2820 μW K(-2) m(-1) at room temperature. In Bi15Sb29Te56 nanowires, Seebeck coefficients of up to S = +156 μV K(-1) and power factors of up to 1750 μW K(-2) m(-1) are obtained at room temperature.

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