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J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2013 Jan;1(1):29-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2012.09.003. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

Primary prevention of allergic disease through nutritional interventions.

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  • 1National Jewish Health, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, Colo. Electronic address:


With the rising prevalence of atopic disease, primary prevention may play a role in reducing its burden, especially in high-risk infants. With this in mind, the Adverse Reactions to Foods Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology was charged with the task of developing recommendations for primary care physicians and specialists about the primary prevention of allergic disease through nutritional interventions according to current available literature and expert opinion. Recommendations that are supported by data are as follows. Avoidance diets during pregnancy and lactation are not recommended at this time, but more research is necessary for peanut. Exclusive breast-feeding for at least 4 and up to 6 months is endorsed. For high-risk infants who cannot be exclusively breast-fed, hydrolyzed formula appears to offer advantages to prevent allergic disease and cow's milk allergy. Complementary foods can be introduced between 4 and 6 months of age. Because no formal recommendations have been previously provided about how and when to introduce the main allergenic foods (cow's milk, egg, soy, wheat, peanut, tree nuts, fish, shellfish), these are now provided, and reasons to consider allergy consultation for development of a personalized plan for food introduction are also presented.

Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


AAP; American Academy of Pediatrics; Asthma; Atopic dermatitis; Atopy; Breast-feeding; Complementary food introduction; Extensive casein or extensive whey hydrolysate formula; Food allergy; Infant formula; Lactation; Partial whey hydrolysate formula; Primary prevention; eHF; pHF

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