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World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Nov 7;19(41):7146-53. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i41.7146.

Efficacy of a novel auto-fluorescence imaging system with computer-assisted color analysis for assessment of colorectal lesions.

Author information

  • 1Hiroko Inomata, Naoto Tamai, Hiroyuki Aihara, Kazuki Sumiyama, Shoichi Saito, Tomohiro Kato, Hisao Tajiri, Department of Endoscopy, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the efficacy of computer-assisted color analysis of colorectal lesions using a novel auto-fluorescence imaging (AFI) system to distinguish neoplastic lesions from non-neoplastic lesions and to predict the depth of invasion.

METHODS:

From January 2013 to April 2013, consecutive patients with known polyps greater than 5 mm in size who were scheduled to undergo endoscopic treatment at The Jikei University Hospital were prospectively recruited for this study. All lesions were evaluated using a novel AFI system, and color-tone sampling was performed in a region of interest determined from narrow band imaging or from chromoendoscopy findings without magnification. The green/red (G/R) ratio for each lesion on the AFI images was calculated automatically using a computer-assisted color analysis system that permits real-time color analysis during endoscopic procedures.

RESULTS:

A total of 88 patients with 163 lesions were enrolled in this study. There were significant differences in the G/R ratios of hyperplastic polyps (non-neoplastic lesions), adenoma/intramucosal cancer/submucosal (SM) superficial cancer, and SM deep cancer (P < 0.0001). The mean ± SD G/R ratios were 0.984 ± 0.118 in hyperplastic polyps and 0.827 ± 0.081 in neoplastic lesions. The G/R ratios of hyperplastic polyps were significantly higher than those of neoplastic lesions (P < 0.001). When a G/R ratio cut-off value of > 0.89 was applied to determine non-neoplastic lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were 83.9%, 82.6%, 53.1%, 95.6% and 82.8%, respectively. For neoplastic lesions, the mean G/R ratio was 0.834 ± 0.080 in adenoma/intramucosal cancer/SM superficial cancer and 0.746 ± 0.045 in SM deep cancer. The G/R ratio of adenoma/intramucosal cancer/SM superficial cancer was significantly higher than that of SM deep cancer (P < 0.01). When a G/R ratio cut-off value of < 0.77 was applied to distinguish SM deep cancers, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy were 80.0%, 84.4%, 29.6%, 98.1% and 84.1%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The novel AFI system with color analysis was effective in distinguishing non-neoplastic lesions from neoplastic lesions and might allow determination of the depth of invasion.

KEYWORDS:

Autofluorescence imaging; Colon; Colonoscopy; Computer-aided diagnosis; Neoplasia

PMID:
24222959
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3819551
Free PMC Article
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