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Biol Psychol. 2014 Apr;98:29-42. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.10.011. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

DeCon: a tool to detect emotional concordance in multivariate time series data of emotional responding.

Author information

  • 1KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:
  • 2KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Belgium.
  • 3Washington University in St. Louis, United States.
  • 4Wake Forest University, United States.
  • 5Stanford University, United States.
  • 6KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:


The occurrence of concordance among different response components during an emotional episode is a key feature of several contemporary accounts and definitions of emotion. Yet, capturing such response concordance in empirical data has proven to be elusive, in large part because of a lack of appropriate statistical tools that are tailored to measure the intricacies of response concordance in the context of data on emotional responding. In this article, we present a tool we developed to detect two different forms of response concordance-response patterning and synchronization-in multivariate time series data of emotional responding, and apply this tool to data concerning physiological responding to emotional stimuli. While the findings provide partial evidence for both response patterning and synchronization, they also show that the presence and nature of such patterning and synchronization is strongly person-dependent.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Affect; Concordance; Emotion; Patterning; Synchronicity; Synchronization

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