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Prev Med. 2014 Jan;58:53-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.10.023. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

Personal, social and environmental correlates of physical activity in adults from Curitiba, Brazil.

Author information

  • 1Federal University of Santa Catarina, Department of Physical Education, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; Federal University of Parana, Department of Physical Education, Curitiba, Brazil. Electronic address: crrech@hotmail.com.
  • 2Federal University of Parana, Department of Physical Education, Curitiba, Brazil; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, School of Health and Biosciences, Curitiba, Brazil. Electronic address: reis.rodrigo@pucpr.br.
  • 3Federal University of Parana, Department of Physical Education, Curitiba, Brazil; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, School of Health and Biosciences, Curitiba, Brazil. Electronic address: akira_manaca@yahoo.com.br.
  • 4Federal University of Pelotas, Department of Physical Education, Pelotas, Brazil. Electronic address: prchallal@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Leisure-time physical activity is a complex behavior influenced by factors at multiple levels.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the associations between intrapersonal, interpersonal, environmental factors and leisure-time walking (LTW) and leisure-time physical activities (LTPA), excluding walking. We also examined the moderating effect of sociodemographic characteristics on these associations.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1461 adults from Curitiba, Brazil (63.7% women). LTW and LTPA were assessed through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and a cutoff point of ≥ 150 min/week was used. Associations were examined through multilevel logistic regressions.

RESULTS:

LTW was positively associated with self-efficacy, enjoyment, social support from family and friends, presence of public places for leisure and neighborhood esthetics. LTPA was associated with self-efficacy, enjoyment, social support from family and friends, safety from crime and neighborhood esthetics. Safety from crime was a predictor of LTPA among older adults only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Factors at multiple levels were associated with LTW and LTPA. Interventions to promote LTPA would likely benefit from considering personal, social and environmental factors and different levels of influence.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Adults; Leisure; Moderator; Physical activity; Social–ecological model

PMID:
24220100
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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