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EEG characteristics of epileptic pattern sensitivity and their relation to the nature of pattern stimulation and the effects of sodium valproate.


Seven patients with pattern-sensitive epilepsy were examined repeatedly over a period of 4-12 months during which the dose of sodium valproate was adjusted. Patterns were presented in series in which the size of successive patterns was progressively increased until paroxysmal activity appeared, or until the largest pattern (radius 24 degrees visual angle) had been presented. As valproate dose increased, paroxysmal activity was less likely to occur. When it did occur it was less likely to include a spike; it had a lower voltage, involved fewer electrodes, and lasted a shorter time. The size of the pattern just sufficient to induce paroxysmal activity showed relatively little change with valproate dose. The degree to which the various electrodes were involved in the discharges showed considerable stability. The paroxysmal response to patterns presented in one visual half-field was almost invariably maximal over the contralateral posterior quadrant, usually at the posterior temporal electrode.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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