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ACS Nano. 2013 Dec 23;7(12):10544-51. doi: 10.1021/nn405101h. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Suppression of quenching in plasmon-enhanced luminescence via rapid intraparticle energy transfer in doped quantum dots.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University , College Station, Texas 77842, United States.


We show the suppression of luminescence quenching by metal nanoparticles (MNPs) in the plasmon enhancement of luminescence via fast sensitized energy transfer in Mn-doped quantum dots (QDs). The rapid intraparticle energy transfer between exciton and Mn, occurring on a few picoseconds time scale, separates the absorber (exciton) from the emitter (Mn), whose emission is detuned far from the plasmon of the MNP. The rapid temporal separation of the absorber and emitter combined with the reduced spectral overlap between Mn and plasmonic MNP suppresses the quenching of the luminescence while taking advantage of the plasmon-enhanced excitation. We compared the plasmon enhancement of exciton and Mn luminescence intensities in undoped and doped QDs simultaneously as a function of the distance between MNP and QD layers in a multilayer structure to examine the expected advantage of the reduced quenching in the sensitized luminescence. At the optimum MNP-QD layer distance, Mn luminescence exhibits stronger net enhancement than that of the exciton, which can be explained with a model incorporating fast sensitization along with reduced emitter-MNP spectral overlap. This study demonstrates that materials exhibiting fast sensitized luminescence that is sufficiently red-shifted from that of the sensitizer can be superior to usual luminophores in harvesting plasmon enhancement of luminescence by suppressing quenching.

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