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Toxicol Ind Health. 2013 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Cytotoxic effect of chlorpyrifos ethyl and its degradation derivatives by Pseudomonas peli strain isolated from Oued Hamdoun River (Tunisia).

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  • 1Universit√© de la Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia; Universit√© Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

A bacterium was isolated from the river of Oued Hamdoun (Tunisia), and its phenotypic features, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA sequence revealed it as Pseudomonas peli (P. peli). Chlorpyrifos ethyl (CP) was used as the sole source of carbon and energy by P. peli, and it was cometabolised in the presence of glucose. CP was completely degraded by P. peli after 96 h of shake incubation. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis indicated that the biodegradation kinetics was not affected by the addition of glucose into the culture medium. In the present study, only transient accumulation of one major no-identified product was observed after 48 h of incubation, with no other persistent metabolites detected. Cytotoxicity of CP, before and after biodegradation with P. peli, was evaluated in vitro using the MTT-colorimetric assay against three human cancer cell lines (A549, lung cell carcinoma, HT29, colon adenocarcinoma and MCF7, breast adenocarcinoma). CP reduced viability of all human cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Its activity was very remarkable against A549 cell line. However, cytotoxicity strongly decreased in CP obtained after incubation with P. peli. Hence, we conclude that when incubated under appropriate conditions, P. peli has a metabolism that completely detoxifies CP.

PMID:
24215065
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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