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J Clin Virol. 2013 Dec;58(4):660-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2013.10.015. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Human papillomavirus type 56 polymorphism in Canadian women with and without cervical lesions.

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  • 1Centre de Recherche et Département de Microbiologie Médicale et Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The genomic diversity of high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) has been associated with viral persistence and HPV-induced lesions. Studies on HPV56 persistence are still pending.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the association between HPV56 polymorphism and HPV56 persistence and presence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2,3) or cancer.

STUDY DESIGN:

HPV56-positive cervical specimens from 204 women selected from a total of 4669 participants recruited in 5 epidemiological studies (parent studies) were further analyzed by PCR-sequencing of the long control region (LCR).

RESULTS:

Of the 81 women followed prospectively in cohort studies who could be classified, 34 had persistent and 47 had transient HPV56 infections. Variant HPV56-LCR-MTL-21 was detected more frequently in persistent infections (52.9%, 95% CI: 36.7-68.6%) than in transient infections (25.5%, 95% CI: 15.1-39.4). Considering only women recruited in a cohort of women infected or at high risk for HIV infection, infection with variant HPV56-LCR-MTL-21 (OR=4.4, 95% CI: 1.3-14.5) was significantly associated with HPV56 persistence controlling in multivariate analysis for high risk HPV detection and HIV infection. A variation at nucleotide 7800 in HPV56-LCR-MTL-21 resulted in the loss of a binding site for Elf-1 embedded in one of the E2 binding sites, a potential activator or repressor of expression of the HPV genome. HPV56 polymorphism was not associated with CIN2,3 or cancer in women enrolled in cross-sectional and case-control studies.

CONCLUSION:

Polymorphism in HPV56 may influence the risk that infections with this type will persist.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Anogenital cancer; CI; CIN; Cervical cancer; Cervical dysplasia; HPV; LCR; OR; PCR; Viral polymorphism.; cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; confidence interval; human papillomavirus; long control region; odds ratio; polymerase chain reaction

PMID:
24210329
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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