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Auris Nasus Larynx. 2014 Apr;41(2):169-71. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2013.08.006. Epub 2013 Oct 25.

Transmastoid approach to the superior semicircular canal: An anatomical study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Nara, Japan. Electronic address: toshya@naramed-u.ac.jp.
  • 2Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Nara, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the anatomic features of the top of the superior semicircular canal (SSC) to help guide the surgeon considering resurfacing or plugging of an associated dehiscence, thorough the transmastoid (TM) approach.

METHODS:

19 selected cadaveric temporal bones, which had no supralabyrinthine tract, were dissected, and distances between the SSC and various structures within the temporal bone were measured with a, fine caliper.

RESULTS:

The average distances from the sino-dural angle, horizontal canal top, and subacurate artery, to the top of the SSC were 31.1, 7.8, and 3.9 mm, within a small range. 7 (36.8%) out of 19 bones with a, low hanging tegmen needed a wide exposure and elevation of the dura to access the SSC top.

CONCLUSION:

Knowledge of the anatomical details associated with the SSC from this study may help to, access the SCC dehiscence safely for resurfacing surgery via a TM approach.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Anatomical study; Dizziness; Superior semicircular canal dehiscence; Transmastoid approach

PMID:
24206827
[PubMed - in process]
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