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Nihon Rinsho. 2013 Sep;71(9):1590-4.

[Familial type III hyperlipoproteinemia].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ohu University.


Familial type III hyperlipoproteinemia(HLP) is characterized by increased plasma triglyceride(TG) and plasma remnant lipoproteins(chyromicron remnants and VLDL remnants i.e. IDL). Remnants predispose affected subjects to premature or accelerated atherosclerosis. Clinical features of type III HLP with apo E2/2 genotype are examined in 26 Japanese patients. Mean levels of plasma TG, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and remnant cholesterol(RLP-C) were 374, 256, 74 and 49 mg/dL, respectively. High plasma RLP-C levels above 30 mg/dL and high plasma RLP-C/plasma TG ratio above 0.1 are very useful for diagnosis of type III HLP. Fifty-four point two percent of the patients had diabetes mellitus and 66.2 % of the patients had metabolic syndrome. Diabetes and obesity contribute to the occurrence of type III HLP with apo E2/2 genotype in Japan. Coronary heart disease(CHD) occurred in 41.7% of the patients. Type III HLP is strongly associated with atherosclerosis in Japan.

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