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J Sch Nurs. 2014 Aug;30(4):281-91. doi: 10.1177/1059840513509839. Epub 2013 Nov 6.

Economic differences in risk factors for obesity among overweight and obese children.

Author information

  • 1College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea sky831113@naver.com.

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to identify the economic differences in familial, physiological, psychological, and lifestyle characteristics associated with overweight and obese children in South Korea. A total of 407 overweight and obese children participated in the study. The obesity rate was 69.0% and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) was 33.3% in the low-income bracket, and the prevalence of MS was 27.2% for the population. The children in the low-income group were more prone to have poor eating behavior and more likely to spend more than 2 hr viewing television. They also were more likely to have lower self-esteem and more depressive symptoms. School nurses should understand that risk factors for childhood obesity are more prevalent in low-income groups, which will eventually aggravate health disparities between socioeconomic status groups. Therefore, prevention programs for childhood obesity, which target high-risk groups of such children need to be developed and prioritized.

© The Author(s) 2013.

KEYWORDS:

children; health status disparities; low income; obesity

PMID:
24200592
[PubMed - in process]
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