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Neurosci Lett. 1986 Jan 2;63(1):23-6.

Antagonism of non-cholinergic excitatory junction potentials in the guinea-pig ileum by a substance P analogue antagonist.


In the presence of atropine electrical transmural stimulation (using repetitive volleys, e.g. 3 pulses at 50 Hz applied every 4 s) of full thickness longitudinal strips of guinea-pig ileum produced non-cholinergic excitatory junction potentials (EJPs) and inhibitory junction potentials (IJPs) in the circular muscle layer. After abolition of the IJPs with apamin, the non-cholinergic EJPs clearly showed facilitation. In the presence of apamin and the substance P analogue antagonist, [D-Arg1,D-Pro2,D-Trp7-9,Leu11]-substance P (SPA), the non-cholinergic EJPs were reduced by 60-90%; transmural stimulation now revealed an apamin-resistant IJP followed by a slow depolarization. The atropine-resistant EJPs are probably caused by the release of substance P (or a similar compound) and are likely to underlie the non-cholinergic contractions reported to occur in this tissue.

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