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Effect of tolbutamide on aminophylline-, 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate- or glucagon-induced insulin release from pancreatic islets after impairment of pyridine nucleotide metabolism caused by 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN).


The effect of tolbutamide on pyridine nucleotides and insulin secretion stimulated by aminophylline, 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate or glucagon was studied in pancreatic islets of rats previously treated with 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN), an inhibitor of pyridine nucleotide synthesis. After being incubated for 60 min in a Krebs-Ringer-Bicarbonate-Buffer in the absence of glucose, pancreatic islets of rats i.p. injected with 35 mg/kg of 6-AN 6 hrs before pancreas removal contained about 30% less NADP and NADPH than did islets of control rats. No changes of NDA or NADH were observed in islets of 6-AN-treated animals. Addition of 16.5 mM glucose led to an increase of NADH, NADPH and a decrease of NADP in islets of both groups of animals; NAD levels remained unchanged. In vitro addition of tolbutamide to islets of control rats did not affect the levels of NADPH or NADP in the presence of 5.5 mM glucose. When 16.5 mM glucose were present, a decrease of NADPH and an increase of NADP was obvious. No effect of tolbutamide on insular NADPH or NADP was observed in islets of rats previously treated with 6-AN be it in the presence of 5.5 or 16.5 mM glucose. In islets of 6-AN-treated rats insulin release in response to aminophylline or 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate in the presence of 5.5 mM glucose was significantly depressed, when compared to islets of untreated controls. Addition of tolbutamide increased insulin release due to aminophylline, 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate or glucagon islets of controls. Tolbutamide alone was without effect. In islets of 6-AN-treated rats aminophylline, 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate or glucagon stimulated insulin release only when tolbutamide was present. Our data suggest that there is no direct interference of tolbutamide with pyridine nucleotides of pancreatic islets, and that tolbutamide increases the secretory response of the beta-cell to aminophylline, 3,5-AMP-dibutyrate or glucagon when insulin release due to these agents is inhibited during decrease of insular NADP and NADPH, caused by 6-AN.

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