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Br J Anaesth. 2014 Feb;112(2):319-27. doi: 10.1093/bja/aet355. Epub 2013 Nov 4.

Augmentation of thrombin generation in neonates undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Factor concentrates are currently available and becoming increasingly used off-label for treatment of bleeding. We compared recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) with three-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (3F-PCC) for the ability to augment thrombin generation (TG) in neonatal plasma after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). First, we used a computer-simulated coagulation model to assess the impact of rFVIIa and 3F-PCC, and then performed similar measurements ex vivo using plasma from neonates undergoing CPB.

METHODS:

Simulated TG was computed according to the coagulation factor levels from umbilical cord plasma and the therapeutic levels of rFVIIa, 3F-PCC, or both. Subsequently, 11 neonates undergoing cardiac surgery were enrolled. Two blood samples were obtained from each neonate: pre-CPB and post-CPB after platelet and cryoprecipitate transfusion. The post-CPB products sample was divided into control (no treatment), control plus rFVIIa (60 nM), and control plus 3F-PCC (0.3 IU ml(-1)) aliquots. Three parameters of TG were measured ex vivo.

RESULTS:

The computer-simulated post-CPB model demonstrated that rFVIIa failed to substantially improve lag time, TG rate and peak thrombin without supplementing prothrombin. Ex vivo data showed that addition of rFVIIa post-CPB significantly shortened lag time; however, rate and peak were not statistically significantly improved. Conversely, 3F-PCC improved all TG parameters in parallel with increased prothrombin levels in both simulated and ex vivo post-CPB samples.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data highlight the importance of prothrombin replacement in restoring TG. Despite a low content of FVII, 3F-PCC exerts potent procoagulant activity compared with rFVIIa ex vivo. Further clinical evaluation regarding the efficacy and safety of 3F-PCC is warranted.

KEYWORDS:

bleeding; cardiopulmonary bypass; coagulation/anticoagulation; neonate; thrombin

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