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J Biol Chem. 1986 Mar 5;261(7):3441-50.

Rat vitamin D binding protein. Determination of the full-length primary structure from cloned cDNA.


Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) is an abundant serum glycoprotein secreted by the liver which transports vitamin D sterols, binds to actin, and is found on the surface of B-lymphocytes and subpopulations of T-lymphocytes. In the current study, a cDNA to rat DBP mRNA was cloned from a bacteriophage lambda gt 11 rat liver expression library. This DBP cDNA clone was identified by immunoblotting and its identity was confirmed by immunoprecipitation of a 54-kDa protein after hybrid-assisted translation. Northern analysis and primer extension mapping of rat liver mRNA indicated that the full-length DBP mRNA contains 1700 bases. By DNA sequence analysis this 1655-base pair clone contains a single open reading frame encoding the 476-amino acid containing full-length DBP and includes its 16-amino acid signal sequence. Analysis of the sequence reveals about 40% nucleotide and 23% amino acid homology to both albumin and alpha-fetoprotein. The encoded DBP contains a characteristic placement of cysteine residues, identical to that in albumin, suggesting a similar secondary folding structure. Albumin and alpha-fetoprotein are composed of three internally homologous domains. DBP mRNA terminates 122 amino acids before the larger albumin mRNA in the third internal domain, but retains the characteristic homology among the first two domains and the truncated portion of the third domain. These data support the conclusion that DBP is a member of a multigene family which includes albumin and alpha-fetoprotein.

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