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Heart. 2014 Jan;100(2):146-52. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013-304564. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Prognostic implications of bleeding measured by Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) categorisation in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

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  • 1Emergency Department, Clinic for Cardiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, , Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between inhospital bleeding as defined by Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) consensus classification and short-term and long-term mortality in unselected patients admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

METHODS:

We analysed data of all consecutive patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) admitted for primary PCI, enrolled in a prospective registry of a high volume centre. The BARC-defined bleeding events were reconstructed from the detailed, prospectively collected clinical data. The primary outcome was mortality at 1 year.

RESULTS:

Of the 1808 patients with STEMI admitted for primary PCI, 115 (6.4%) experienced a BARC type ≥2 bleeding. As the BARC bleeding severity worsened, there was a gradient of increasing rates of 1-year death. The 1-year mortality rate increased from 11.5% with BARC 0+1 type to 43.5% with BARC type 3b bleeding. After multivariable adjustment for demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, the independent predictors of 1-year death were BARC type 3a (HR 1.99; 95% CI 1.16 to 3.40, p=0.012) and BARC type 3b bleeding (HR 3.22; 95% CI 1.67 to 6.20, p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study demonstrated that bleeding events defined according to the BARC classification hierarchically correlate with 1-year mortality after admission for primary PCI. The strongest predictor of 1-year mortality is the BARC type 3b bleeding.

PMID:
24179161
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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