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Food Chem. 2014 Mar 1;146:569-76. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.085. Epub 2013 Sep 25.

Effect of pesticide 1-[6-chloro-3-methyl-pyridyl-8-nitro-7-methyl-1 2 3 5 6 7-hexahydro imidazo (1,2a)]-pyridine when responding to a wheat plant's antioxidant defense system.

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  • 1School of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 150090 Harbin, PR China; Key Laboratory of Agro-Product Quality and Safety, Institute of Quality Standard & Testing Technology for Agro-Product, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 100081 Beijing, PR China; School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 150090 Harbin, PR China.


The purpose of this research was to establish an analytical method for analysing the 1-[6-chloro-3-methyl-pyridyl-8-nitro-7-methyl-1 2 3 5 6 7-hexahydro imidazo-(1,2a)]-pyridine (IPP) residue levels and to evaluate the difference in plant growth and its physical condition. A high performance liquid chromatography connected to a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) was also employed. The results showed that the content of protein and water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) treated by IPP were initially higher with a significant delayed decrease. The biomarker response showed, even at a lower dose rate, exposure to the IPP caused stress effects and modified the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), guaiacol peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO). Different patterns of biomarker responses were observed by an increase in SOD and malondialdehyde (MDA), and differential effects for antioxidant enzymes with a decrease in CAT, POD and PPO. The conclusions show that this profile of biomarker variation could represent a useful method to characterise exposure to IPP in a wheat plant.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Antioxidant enzymes; HPLC; IPP; Protein oxidation; Residue; WSC

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