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PLoS One. 2013 Oct 22;8(10):e77612. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077612. eCollection 2013.

Glycolytic metabolites are critical modulators of oocyte maturation and viability.

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  • 1The Department of Molecular Genetics and the Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The maturation of an oocyte into an egg is a key step in preparation for fertilization. In Xenopus, oocyte maturation is independent of transcription, being regulated at the level of translation and post-translational modifications of proteins. To identify factors involved in the maturation process we used two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis to compare the proteome of oocytes and eggs. Protein abundance changes were observed in multiple cellular pathways during oocyte maturation. Most prominent was a general reduction in abundance of enzymes in the glycolytic pathway. Injection into oocytes of the glycolytic intermediates glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate and glucose-6-phosphate prevented oocyte maturation. Instead, these metabolites stimulated ROS production and subsequent apoptosis of the oocyte. In contrast, all other metabolites tested had no effect on oocyte maturation and did not induce apoptosis. These data suggest that a subset of glycolytic metabolites have the capacity to regulate oocyte viability.

PMID:
24167578
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3805577
Free PMC Article
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