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Am J Ind Med. 2014 Feb;57(2):202-13. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22273. Epub 2013 Oct 26.

Workplace mistreatment and sickness absenteeism from work: results from the 2010 National Health Interview survey.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Office of the Director, Washington, District of Columbia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the association between workplace mistreatment and occurrence, duration, and costs of sickness absenteeism.

METHODS:

We used the 2010 National Health Interview Survey and considered 13,807 employed adult respondents. We used a zero-inflated negative binomial (zinb) model to examine the association between exposure to workplace mistreatment and the occurrence and number of workdays missed due to illness/injury in the preceding 12 months.

RESULTS:

In 2010, 7.6% of US workers employed at the time of the survey reported having been mistreated at their workplace. Both occurrence and duration of sickness absence were higher for mistreated than for non-mistreated workers. The zinb results showed that being mistreated was associated with a 42% increase in the number of missed workdays, controlling for covariates. The marginal effect analysis showed that lost workdays differed by 2.45 days between mistreated and non-mistreated workers. This implies that workplace mistreatment was associated with $4.1 billion, or 5.5%, of sickness absenteeism costs in 2010.

CONCLUSIONS:

Workplace mistreatment is associated with sickness absence in the United States. While a causal relationship could not be established due to the cross-sectional design of the study, this study reveals the economic importance of developing workplace mistreatment prevention strategies.

Published 2013. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

KEYWORDS:

NHIS; count data models; sickness absenteeism; workplace mistreatment

PMID:
24166763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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