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Cell. 1985 Nov;43(1):277-86.

A significant part of macrophage-derived growth factor consists of at least two forms of PDGF.


The macrophage has been suggested to be responsible for the connective tissue cell proliferation that accompanies most chronic inflammatory responses. One of the secretory products of activated macrophages is MDGF, a growth factor (or factors) for fibroblasts, 3T3 cells, smooth muscle, and vascular endothelium. This report demonstrates that a significant portion of the mitogenic activity for 3T3 cells secreted by cultured human alveolar and peritoneal macrophages is due to a molecule (or molecules) similar to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Two size classes (approximately 37,000-39,000 and 12,000-17,000 daltons) of mitogenically active PDGF-like molecules are detected by two criteria--antigenic similarity with PDGF and ability to compete with 125I-PDGF for high-affinity binding to the PDGF receptor. The presence of mRNA for the B chain of PDGF is demonstrated by Northern analysis, and de novo synthesis of these molecules by activated macrophages is shown by immunoprecipitation of 35S-labeled proteins with anti-PDGF IgG.

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