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Agents Actions. 1985 Sep;16(6):470-7.

Histamine-releasing properties of Polysorbate 80 in vitro and in vivo: correlation with its hypotensive action in the dog.


The solvent of commercial amiodarone (Polysorbate 80) has been reported to produce haemodynamic responses in humans and in dogs similar to those produced by histamine infusion. We therefore evaluated the correlation between hypotension induced by the solvent of amiodarone and its histamine-releasing properties in the awake dog. The solvent of amiodarone administered to a dog, over 5 min in a dose of 10 mg/kg of Polysorbate 80, produced severe hypotension after the first administration; the second injection (24 h later) caused fewer hypotensive effects. Histamine release in the peripheral tissues was demonstrated by a marked increase in plasma histamine concentrations, with the maximum value 10 min after the solvent administration. H1- and H2-receptor blockade with mepyramine (5 mg/kg) and cimetidine (10 mg/kg) significantly reduced the cardiovascular effects of the solvent. Isolated peritoneal mast cells from rats also released histamine in response to Polysorbate 80. These studies show that Polysorbate 80 releases histamine both in vitro and in isolated mast cells from rats and in vivo in the dog, and that the plasma concentrations are correlated with the haemodynamic responses.

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