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Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013 Jun;4(3):133-9. doi: 10.1016/j.phrp.2013.04.004. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Multiplex Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays for Simultaneous Detection of Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio vulnificus.

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  • 1Division of Enteric Bacterial Infections, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was developed for the identification of three Vibrio species: Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio vulnificus.

METHODS:

Specific primers and probes targeting the hlyA, tlh, and vvhA genes were selected and used for multiplex real-time PCR to confirm the identification of V. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus, respectively. This method was applied to screen Vibrio species from environmental samples and combining it with a culture-based method, its effectiveness was evaluated in comparison with culture-based methods alone.

RESULTS:

Specific PCR fragments were obtained from isolates belonging to the target species, indicating a high specificity of this multiplex real-time PCR. No cross-reactivity with the assay was observed between the tested bacteria. The sensitivity of the multiplex real-time PCR was found to have a lower limit of 10(4) colony-forming units/reaction for all three Vibrio species. The combination strategy raised the isolation ratio of all three Vibrio species 1.26- to 2.75-fold.

CONCLUSION:

This assay provides a rapid, sensitive, and specific technique to detect these three Vibrio species in the environment.

KEYWORDS:

TaqMan probe multiplex real-time PCR; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio parahaemolyticus; Vibrio vulnificus

PMID:
24159544
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3787528
Free PMC Article
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