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BMC Nephrol. 2013 Oct 24;14:230. doi: 10.1186/1471-2369-14-230.

Perceptions and use of the national kidney foundation KDOQI guidelines: a survey of U.S. renal healthcare providers.

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  • 1Departments of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 E, Monument Street, Suite 416, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.



The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) developed guidelines to care for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). While these are disseminated through the NKF's website and publications, the guidelines' usage remains suboptimal. The KDOQI Educational Committee was formed to identify barriers to guideline implementation, determine provider and patient educational needs and develop tools to improve care of patients with CKD.


An online survey was conducted from May to September 2010 to evaluate renal providers' familiarity, current use of and attitudes toward the guidelines and tools to implement the guidelines.


Most responders reported using the guidelines often and felt that they could be easily implemented into clinical practice; however, approximately one-half identified at least one barrier. Physicians and physician extenders most commonly cited the lack of evidence supporting KDOQI guidelines while allied health professionals most commonly listed patient non-adherence, unrealistic guideline goals and provider time-constraints. Providers thought that the guidelines included too much detail and identified the lack of a quick resource as a barrier to clinical implementation. Most were unaware of the Clinical Action Plans.


Perceived barriers differed between renal clinicians and allied health professionals; educational and implementation tools tailored for different providers are needed.

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