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Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jul;48(14):1079-87. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092872. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

'Treatment of the sportsman's groin': British Hernia Society's 2014 position statement based on the Manchester Consensus Conference.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Central Manchester Foundation Trust, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, UK.
  • 3Department of Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK.
  • 4Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds, UK.
  • 5Department of Sports Medicine, Blackburn Rovers STC, Blackburn, UK.
  • 6Department of Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
  • 7Department of General Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
  • 8Department of Surgery, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK.
  • 9Department of Surgery, Gilmore Groin and Hernia Clinic, London, UK.
  • 10Department of Surgery, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Bournemouth, UK.
  • 11Department of Surgery, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK.
  • 12Department of Surgery, London Hernia Centre, London, UK.



The aim was to produce a multidisciplinary consensus to determine the current position on the nomenclature, definition, diagnosis, imaging modalities and management of Sportsman's groin (SG).


Experts in the diagnosis and management of SG were invited to participate in a consensus conference held by the British Hernia Society in Manchester, U.K. on 11-12 October 2012. Experts included a physiotherapist, a musculoskeletal radiologist and surgeons with a proven track record of expertise in this field. Presentations detailing scientific as well as outcome data from their own experiences were given. Records were made of the presentations with specific areas debated openly.


The term 'inguinal disruption' (ID) was agreed as the preferred nomenclature with the term 'Sportsman's hernia' or 'groin' rejected, as no true hernia exists. There was an overwhelming agreement of opinion that there was abnormal tension in the groin, particularly around the inguinal ligament attachment. Other common findings included the possibility of external oblique disruption with consequent small tears noted as well as some oedema of the tissues. A multidisciplinary approach with tailored physiotherapy as the initial treatment was recommended with any surgery involving releasing the tension in the inguinal canal by various techniques and reinforcing it with a mesh or suture repair. A national registry should be developed for all athletes undergoing surgery.


ID is a common condition where no true hernia exists. It should be managed through a multidisciplinary approach to ensure consistent standards and outcomes are achieved.

Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to


Groin injuries

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