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Am J Public Health. 2013 Dec;103 Suppl 2:S218-20. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301336. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

Comparing homeless smokers to economically disadvantaged domiciled smokers.

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  • 1Michael S. Businelle, Erica L. Cuate, Anshula Kesh, Insiya B. Poonawalla, and Darla E. Kendzor are with the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health, Dallas. Michael S. Businelle and Darla E. Kendzor are also with the UT Southwestern Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, Population Science and Cancer Control Program, Dallas.


We compared characteristics of homeless smokers and economically disadvantaged domiciled smokers (Dallas, TX; August 2011-November 2012). Although findings indicated similar smoking characteristics across samples, homeless smokers (n = 57) were exposed to more smokers and reported lower motivation to quit, lower self-efficacy for quitting, more days with mental health problems, and greater exposure to numerous stressors than domiciled smokers (n = 110). The sample groups reported similar scores on measures of affect, perceived stress, and interpersonal resources. Results may inform novel cessation interventions for homeless smokers.

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