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Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 22;3:3009. doi: 10.1038/srep03009.

Bioinspired TiO₂ nanostructure films with special wettability and adhesion for droplets manipulation and patterning.

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  • 11] Physikalisches Institute and Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster D-48149, Germany [2] National Engineering Laboratory of Modern Silk, and College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, PR China.

Abstract

Patterned surfaces with special wettability and adhesion (sliding, sticky or patterned superoleophobic surface) can be found on many living creatures. They offer a versatile platform for microfluidic management and other biological functions. Inspired by their precise arrangement of structure and chemical component, we described a facile one-step approach to construct large scale pinecone-like anatase TiO₂ particles (ATP) film. The as-prepared ATP film exhibits excellent superamphiphilic property in air, changes to underwater superoleophobicity with good dynamical stability. In addition, erasable and rewritable patterned superamphiphobic ATP films or three-dimensional (3D) Janus surfaces were constructed for a versatile platform for microfluidic management and biomedical applications. In a proof-of-concept study, robust super-antiwetting feet for artificial anti-oil strider at the oil/water interface, novel superamphiphobic surface for repeatable oil/water separation, and multifunctional patterned superamphiphobic ATP template for cell, fluorecent probe and inorganic nanoparticles site-selective immobilization were demonstrated.

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