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Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014 Jan;4(1):75-7. doi: 10.1016/S2221-1691(14)60212-4.

Coexistence of pneumothorax and Chilaiditi sign: a case report.

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  • 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, M.M Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India. Electronic address:


We present a case of 50 year old male patient with coexistence of Pneumothorax and Chilaiditi sign. Chilaiditi sign is an incidental radiographic finding of a usually asymptomatic condition in which a part of intestine is located between the liver and diaphragm; however, the term "Chilaiditi syndrome" is used for symptomatic hepatodiaphragmatic interposition. The patient had no symptoms of abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, or emesis. Incidentally, Chilaiditi sign was diagnosed on chest radiography. Pneumothorax is defined as air in the pleural space. Pneumothoraces are classified as spontaneous or traumatic. Spontaneous pneumothorax is labelled as primary when no underlying lung disease is present, or secondary, when it is associated with pre-existing lung disease. Our case is the rare in the literature indicating the coexistence of Chilaiditi sign and pneumothorax.

Copyright © 2014 Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedical Magazine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Chest pain; Chilaiditi syndrome; Chilaiditi's sign; Dyspnoea; Hepatodiaphragmatic interposition; Pneumothorax

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