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Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2013 Oct 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Increase in Sagittal Depth of the Bony Nasopharynx Following Maxillary Protraction in Patients With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate.


Objective: To study the change in the sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), following maxillary protraction using reverse headgear. Methods: Nineteen patients (14 male, five female; aged 9.36 ± 2.89 years) with repaired complete UCLP underwent maxillary protraction with a Delaire type reverse headgear at a tertiary-care referral teaching hospital. Control data were taken from five patients (four male, one female; aged 8.25 ± 2.25 years) who did not receive any orthopedic/orthodontic treatment for a similar duration of time as the treated patients. Average treatment/observation period was 11.71 ± 3.39 months for the treated patients and 12.40 ± 2.60 months for the untreated subjects. Changes in the sagittal bony nasopharynx depth were measured by comparing pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) lateral cephalograms. Correlations between the changes in the bony nasopharynx depth and in other variables measured in the treated patients were analyzed. An exploratory analysis of differences in the changes from T1 to T2 between the treated patients and untreated subjects was also conducted. Results: The favorable skeletal changes seen in SNA and ANB following maxillary protraction were accompanied by a significant increase in the sagittal depth of bony nasopharynx (1.74 ± 1.10 mm; P < .001). This change was significant when compared with the data from the untreated subjects (P = .004). Correlations between the increase in bony nasopharynx depth and changes in other variables studied in the treated patients were weak and not statistically significant. Conclusion: Sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx in patients with repaired UCLP increased following maxillary protraction therapy using reverse headgear.

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