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Echocardiography. 2014 Feb;31(2):E48-51. doi: 10.1111/echo.12411. Epub 2013 Oct 18.

Two-dimensional speckle tracking-derived strain to distinguish acute coronary syndrome from a marked early repolarization in a patient with chest pain: a fancy gadget or a useful tool?

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiology, Clinical Hospital Center Zemun, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

With a potential of detecting subtle myocardial injury, two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking-derived strain could help to distinguish between ischemic and nonischemic ST-segment elevation. Little is known if limitations of strain imaging could prevent its applicability in acute cardiac care settings.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We present a 56-year-old male with persistent ST-segment elevation in the inferolateral leads and suspected hypokinesia of the inferior wall. Semiautomated 2D speckle tracking strain analysis showed normal longitudinal peak systolic strain (LPSS) in all segments of the inferior wall, ruling out wall-motion abnormalities in this region. Stationary reverberations and spuriously low values of LPSS in the posterolateral wall required operator's expertise to distinguish pathological myocardial deformation from artifacts. Additional workup revealed that early repolarization pattern was mistaken for the inferior wall acute myocardial infarction in our patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

Semiautomated quantification of regional left ventricular function by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography could facilitate decision making even in the emergency settings. Due to intrinsic limitations of this novel method, its actual clinical value in acute cardiac care settings may depend on the expertise of the operator and is yet to be determined.

© 2013, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

strain; strain-strain rate

PMID:
24134415
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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