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J Biol Chem. 1985 Oct 15;260(23):12492-9.

Studies on the phosphorylation of myelin basic protein by protein kinase C and adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase.

Abstract

The substrate specificity of protein kinase C was studied and compared with that of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) by using bovine brain myelin basic protein as a model substrate. This basic protein was phosphorylated at multiple sites by both of these protein kinases. In this analysis, the basic protein was thoroughly phosphorylated in vitro with [gamma-32P]ATP and each protein kinase, and then digested with trypsin. The resulting radioactive phosphopeptides were isolated by gel filtration followed by high performance liquid chromatography on a reverse-phase column. Subsequent amino acid analysis and/or sequential Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence of this protein, revealed that Ser-46 and Ser-151 were specifically phosphorylated by protein kinase C, whereas Thr-34 and Ser-115 were phosphorylated preferentially by protein kinase A. Both kinases reacted with Ser-8, Ser-11, Ser-55, Ser-110, Ser-132, and Ser-161 at various reaction velocities. Contrary to protein kinase A, protein kinase C appears to react preferentially with seryl residues that are located at the amino-terminal side close to lysine or arginine. The seryl residues that are phosphorylated commonly by these two protein kinases have basic amino acids at both the amino- and carboxyl-terminal sides. These results provide some clues to understanding the rationale that these kinases may show different but sometimes similar functions depending on the structure of target phosphate acceptor proteins.

PMID:
2413024
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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