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Autism. 2014 Nov;18(8):965-74. doi: 10.1177/1362361313505719. Epub 2013 Oct 14.

Sex differences in co-occurring conditions of children with autism spectrum disorders.

Author information

  • 1Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA.
  • 2University of Delaware, USA.
  • 3Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, USA.
  • 4Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA llee2@jhsph.edu.

Abstract

This study investigated differences in co-occurring diagnoses made in females compared to males with autism spectrum disorders in 913 children (746 males and 167 females) living in the United States with a current autism spectrum disorder diagnosis identified via caregiver-reported data from the National Survey of Children's Health 2007. The results indicated that overall, females had significantly fewer reported autism spectrum disorder co-occurring conditions than males. Females, compared to males, with a current autism spectrum disorder diagnosis had lower rates of past learning disorder, current mild learning disorder, and past anxiety diagnoses. Females with a current autism spectrum disorder diagnosis were more likely than males to have been diagnosed with a speech problem in the past, while males with a current autism spectrum disorder diagnosis were more likely than females to have a current diagnosis of a mild learning disability and a past diagnosis of learning disability. In addition, males with a current autism spectrum disorder diagnosis were more likely than females to have two or more co-occurring diagnoses. These findings provide insight into trends in sex differences in autism spectrum disorder co-occurring conditions.

© The Author(s) 2013.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; co-occurring conditions; sex

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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