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Radiology. 2014 Mar;270(3):699-707. doi: 10.1148/radiol.13130459. Epub 2013 Oct 28.

Background parenchymal signal enhancement ratio at preoperative MR imaging: association with subsequent local recurrence in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ after breast conservation surgery.

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  • 1From the Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To retrospectively investigate whether the background parenchymal features around a tumor at preoperative dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are associated with ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR)-free survival in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) after breast conservation surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The institutional review board approved this study, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Between 2004 and 2009, 215 consecutive women with pure DCIS who had undergone preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging and curative breast conservation surgery were identified. Clinical-pathologic features (age, menopausal status, presentation of clinical findings, biopsy method, tumor size, nuclear grade, hormonal receptor status, margin status, and adjuvant therapy) and MR imaging features (lesion size, background parenchymal enhancement grade, fibroglandular density, parenchymal signal enhancement ratio [SER] around the tumor, lesion type, and lesion kinetics) were analyzed. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the association between MR imaging variables and IBTR-free survival after controlling for clinical-pathologic variables. Reproducibility of SER measurements was evaluated by using the intraclass correlation coefficient.

RESULTS:

There were 15 of 215 (7.0%) IBTR cases (nine DCIS cases and six invasive cases) at a median of 36 months (range, 11-61 months). Multivariate analysis showed that higher parenchymal SER (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.028, P < .001 for reader 1; HR = 1.652, P < .001 for reader 2) and larger histologic tumor size (HR = 1.360, P = .009 for reader 1; HR = 1.402, P = .006 for reader 2) were independent factors associated with worse IBTR-free survival. The intraclass correlation coefficient of SER measurements between two readers was 0.852 (95% confidence interval: 0.811, 0.885).

CONCLUSION:

Higher parenchymal SER around the tumor at preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging and larger histologic tumor size were independent factors associated with worse IBTR-free survival in patients with DCIS after breast conservation surgery.

RSNA, 2013

PMID:
24126372
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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