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J Cancer Res Ther. 2013 Jul-Sep;9(3):532-3. doi: 10.4103/0973-1482.119372.

Co-occurrence of diffuse large B cell non-hodgkin lymphoma and chronic hepatitis C in Algerian patients: two case reports.

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  • 1Section of Cancer Information, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours A, Thomas, Lyon Cedex, France.


For the first time in Algeria, we report on the presentation, diagnosis and management of two cases of diffuse large B cell NHL with chronic HCV infection. Both Algerian patients came for medical consult without HCV-related symptoms. Systematic serological tests to identify HIV and hepatitis B and C infections which performed on all patients led to HCV diagnosis. Chemotherapy was given to both patients without exacerbation of the HCV infection. These observed cases shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of NHL in Algerian population. Indeed, in Algeria, HCV may partly been responsible of the unexplained increase of NHL incidence in Eastern region of Algeria especially among those who are frequently exposed to HCV risk factors (haemodialysis and dental care). Furthermore, our observations underscore the importance of prevention programmes including screening to control HCV in Algeria.

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