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J Magn Reson. 2013 Dec;237:17-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jmr.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Sep 19.

Estimation of spin-echo relaxation time.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


In spin-echo-based EPR oximetry, traditional methods to estimate the T2 relaxation time, which encodes the oxygen concentration of the sample, include fitting an exponential to the peaks or the integrated areas of multiple noisy echoes. These methods are suboptimal and result in a loss of estimation precision for a given acquisition time. Here, we present the maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) of T2 from spin-echo data. The MLE provides, for the data considered, approximately 3-fold time savings over echo-integration and more than 40-fold time savings over peak-picking. A one-dimensional line search results in simple computation of the MLE. It is observed that, perhaps counter-intuitively, prior knowledge of the lineshape does not yield additional reduction of estimation error variance at practical noise levels. The result also illuminates the near optimal performance of T2 estimation via principal components calculated by a singular value decomposition. The proposed method is illustrated by application to simulated and experimental EPR data.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Cramér-Rao lower bound; EPR; Efficient estimator; Hahn echo; NMR; Oximetry; Singular value decomposition

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