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J Hazard Mater. 2013 Nov 15;262:701-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.09.010. Epub 2013 Sep 16.

Mobilization and re-adsorption of arsenate on ferrihydrite and hematite in the presence of oxalate.

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  • 1School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, PR China.

Abstract

In this study, mobilization and re-adsorption of arsenate on 2-line ferrihydrite and hematite in the presence of oxalate was investigated. Our results showed that arsenate could be mobilized during the dissolution of ferrihydrite and hematite. After reaching the maximum values, the released arsenate could re-adsorb on the residual ferrihydrite, whereas such an observation was not significant in hematite system. More reactive sites exposed during the dissolution of ferrihydrite could contribute to the re-adsorption of the released arsenate at pH 3.0, while the insignificant re-adsorption of arsenate on hematite could be explained by the inhibitory adsorption effect of oxalate on arsenate. Although dissolution rates of iron oxides decreased with the increase of arsenate on both ferrihydrite and hematite, dissolution rate was mainly determined by the reactivity of iron oxides, and ferrihydrite showed a higher reactivity than hematite in the presence of oxalate. Mathematic model proposed in our study further indicated that arsenate loading showed a more significant effect on arsenate mobilization in hematite system, while it was more effective in arsenate re-adsorption in ferrihydrite system.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Arsenate; Dissolution; Ferrihydrite; Hematite; Mobilization

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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